Genetic counseling is also recommended for parents who have already had a child with the disorder to examine risk factors in later pregnancies.
Experts measure head circumference using standard deviation, a scientific term that basically means the difference is very significant and noticeable. What parents need to keep in mind: A Guide for Parents Updated: Kids with microcephaly may require more frequent health care visits and counseling.
This can create structural brain problems that cause a combination of other conditions that range from mild to severe, depending on the degree of the disorder, including: However in recent years, researchers have pinpointed a number of gene mutations that may cause microcephaly, which means this definition is constantly expanding.
What Are the Causes?
Currently, no vaccine protects against the virus. Microcephaly is most commonly caused by one of several factors: How and When Is Microcephaly Diagnosed? For children who have seizures as a result of the disorder, medications can be used to control episodes.
Before this year, most people had never heard of microcephaly, an otherwise very rare birth defect where babies are born with smaller-than-average heads and potentially lifelong disabilities.
What Treatments Are Available?
Seizures and, potentially, epilepsy Feeding difficulty, including problems swallowing Increased movement of the arms and legs spasticity Developmental delays relating to speech, standing, sitting and walking Intellectual disabilities and mental retardation Hearing loss Vision problems Does a Baby with Microcephaly Have a Shorter Life Expectancy?
Learning to care for a child with a birth defect like microcephaly can be emotionally and physically challenging, but talking to experts or other parents who have children with the condition can be a huge help.
Resources for Parents with Microcephalic Babies If you have a microcephalic baby, know that you are not alone. Microcephaly is a very rare birth defect occurring in approximately Care plan for microcephaly to 12 babies per 10, live births in the U.
But early intervention with speech and occupational therapy can minimize some of the associated developmental problems. But in some cases, the condition can cause life-threatening abnormalities. A genetic mutation Exposure to certain viruses during pregnancy, including Zika virus, rubella German measles, which you are protected from if you received all recommended rounds of the MMR vaccinetoxoplasmosis and cytomegalovirus Severe maternal malnutrition or starvation during pregnancy Exposure to harmful substances like alcohol, drugs and toxic chemicals during pregnancy A brain injury after birth, usually due to lack of oxygen or certain kinds of infections Microcephaly and the Zika Virus Link Recently, the CDC confirmed that babies whose mothers are exposed to or infected with the Zika virus during pregnancy have an increased risk of developing microcephaly.
Microcephaly can be diagnosed during pregnancy or after a baby is born. Babies with mild microcephaly may still meet the same milestones like speaking, sitting and walking as a child without the disorder. A few resources for parents and caregivers: Read on to learn symptoms, causes, prevention and treatments.
While no universal definition exists, some experts believe that mild microcephaly is when the head is two to three standard deviations smaller than the mean head circumference, while severe microcephaly is five standard deviations from the mean head circumference.
A microcephaly diagnosis can come later in babies who develop the condition after birth due to a brain injury. The odds of an infant being born with this condition are still extremely rare — especially in the United States.
Zika is a mosquito-borne infection similar to dengue fever that is spreading throughout certain parts of Central and South America, the Caribbean, Asian and the Pacific Islands, and in Miami-Dade County, Florida. There is no standard life expectancy for microcephalic babies because outcomes depend on so many factors, and the severity of the condition can range from mild to severe.
During pregnancy, a diagnosis comes late in the second trimester or early in the third trimester using an ultrasound.New generation of diseases are emerging, and as nurses, we have the duty to know them better so we can prevent them earlier.
Evaluation of the Child with Microcephaly Case Presentation An month-old boy is brought to the neurology clinic by his parents. He is sent to you for a neurological consultation by his primary care doctor for microcephaly. The parents are concerned that the boy’s head seems small. They also note that he is not walking as.
If your child has complications, we will treat their specific needs, customizing a care plan to improve their overall well-being. The goal of treatment for those born with microcephaly is managing the child’s comfort and maximizing their capabilities at home and in their world.
Microcephaly is a very rare birth defect in which babies are born with smaller-than-average-sized heads. The condition has been linked to the Zika outbreak. Learn more about other causes of microcephaly, along with tips for prevention and treatment. Learning to care for a child with a birth defect like microcephaly can be emotionally.
To be able to formulate an effective nursing care plan for an infant having microcephaly. 3. To be able to give recommendations to the parents regarding the next pregnancy to prevent the incidence of having a child with microcephaly.
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