An introduction to the history of the european exploration and expansion

What is now understood as globalisation has a critical background in the world historical involvement of the non-European sphere from the Early Modern Period up and into the period of decolonisation. The Europeanization of the World: He introduced Spanish trade with the Americas which allowed for an exchange of cultures, diseases and trade goods, known as The Grand Exchangewhose consequences, good and bad, are still being experienced today.

He joined the Jesuits at age seventeen.

Timeline of European exploration

If Christian Europe could only convert the Mongols, this would at one and the same time heavily tip the scales against Muslim and in favour of Christian power and also give political protection to Christian merchants along the silk routes to the legendary sources of wealth in China.

In AugustChristopher Columbuswhose nationality is still today subject to much debate, set sail on behalf of Ferdinand and Isabella whose marriage had united their crowns forming what is still today the Kingdom of Spain, and on October 12 of that same year, he eventually reached the Bahamas thinking it was the East Indies.

The rapid colonization of the shores of the Mediterranean and of the Black Sea by Phoenicia and the Greek city-states in the 1st millennium bce must have been accompanied by the exploration of their hinterlands by countless unknown soldiers and traders.

He made several explorations of them. Thinking he had found islands near Japan, he sailed on until he reached Cuba which he thought was mainland China and later Haiti. It also led to the decimation and extinction of Natives in other nations due to European diseases and poor working conditions.

After returning he possibly went to Bristol to sail in the name of England. But the most powerful inducement to exploration was trade. As European powers conquered the territories of the New World, they justified wars against Native Americans and the destruction of their cultures as a fulfillment of the European secular and religious vision of the New World.

He was going to be a Jesuit priest, but abandoned these plans. For the historian John Robert Seeley — and before him Charles Dilke —the empire signified the "expansion of England" into a colonial world, in which cricket would be played just as in Oxford. Most were Italians, as trade between Europe and the Middle East was controlled mainly by the Maritime republics.

For celestial navigation the Portuguese used the Ephemerideswhich experienced a remarkable diffusion in the 15th century. Volunteers from numerous European countries fought on the side of the Boers against the British, who in turn recruited large military contingents in Australia and Canada.

By the mid-sixteenth century, however, England had recognized the advantages of trade with the East, and in English merchants enlisted Martin Frobisher to search for a northwest passage to India.

Introduction In world history, no continent has possessed so many different forms of colonies and none has so incomparably defined access to the world by means of a civilising mission as a secular programme as did modern Europe. Only late in the century, following the unification of the crowns of Castile and Aragon and the completion of the reconquistadid an emerging modern Spain become fully committed to the search for new trade routes overseas.- The expansion of Western Europe started with the Iberian phase.

Spain and Portugal, the two countries of the Iberian Peninsula, had a short-lived yet important role in European expansion.

European expansion then turned to Western Europe. Western Europe consists of the Dutch, French, and British. Introduction. The Age of Discovery, also known as the Age of Exploration and the Great Navigations, was a period in European history from the early 15th century to the early 17th century.

The basic reason for European exploration and expansion was the quest for material profit and spices (nutmeg, mace, ginger, cinnamon, and pepper added flavor and variety) were another important incentive to voyages of discovery.

The era known as the Age of Exploration, sometimes called the Age of Discovery, officially began in the early 15th century and lasted through the 17th century. The period is characterized as a time when Europeans began exploring the world by sea in search of new trading routes, wealth, and.

European History/Exploration and Discovery. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world Introduction. The Portuguese Empire. The Spanish Empire.

During the fifteenth and the sixteenth century the states of Europe began their modern exploration of the world with a series of sea voyages. The Atlantic states of Spain and Portugal were.

European exploration

This Age of Expansion and European exploration from togreatly promoted by economical, technological, political, and religious factors, launched a major turning point in world history. The economy of late fifteenth century played an important role in European conquest.

An introduction to the history of the european exploration and expansion
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